Below are some of the specifications of artificial stone cement plast and we will answer the common questions about artificial stone nano cement plast:
What is artificial stone nano cement plast?
What are the raw materials used in artificial stone nano cement plast?
How to create color in the production of artificial stone cement plast and what features will they have?
Do artificial stone cement plast have cutting ability?
How to install artificial stone nano cement plast products?
Investigating the strength of artificial stone cement plast adhesion compared to ceramics and natural stone?
Investigating the characteristics and resistance of artificial stone cement plast to cold (frost) and heat?
Evaluation of slip resistance (slippery) of artificial stone cement plast compared to ceramic and tile?
Is it need to create resin coatings for using artificial stone cement plast on the outside of the building?
Artificial stone cement plast is lighter or natural stone?
In general, what parts of the building is better to don't use than artificial stone cement plast?
Some of the benefits of artificial stone cement plast compared to natural stone and other building stones?
What is artificial stone? What is artificial stone nano cement plast?Artificial stones from the combination of a variety of aggregates and crushing of natural and mineral stones, industrial stones, volcanic pollen, with different density, with polymer additives and nano compounds, mineral pasty material, mineral pigments and ... Which gives to artificial stone a higher technical profile compared to natural stone. what are artificial stones nano cement plast made of? in short, it can be said: these stones from the combination of mineral agents, lightweight natural stones aggregates, polymer and nano materials and linking polymer, are made. artificial stone nano cement plast technology with using a variety of special polymer materials and nano compounds, molecular bonding of minerals is deformed by hydration and polymerization reactions and the physical resistance is 2 to 3 times higher than that of concrete and natural stone used in the market. below you can see the images of some of the primary materials used in artificial stone nano cement plast:In the production of artificial stone nano cement plast (in facades and floors) there are more than 50 primary materials, some of which are mentioned here.
What are the materials used in artificial stones nano cement plast (What is Cement Plast)?
Synthetic rocks consisting of a variety of mineral aggregates, and minerals such as carbonate and silica, and..., also, mesh aggregates and processed, sticky minerals according to the required standards, polymer materials for creating physical and physical characteristics and to control the reaction processes, during construction, also, nano materials to control the process and create special properties in products, a very small amount of non-toxic chemicals, mineral pigments for coloring products and with the properties of resistance to natural phenomena and acid rain and direct sunlight and... which leads to the production of modern artificial stone cement plast. Some advantages of facade and artificial stone nano cement plast flooring, and why it should be used in these sections of artificial stone nano cement plast products.
1.Light weight antique stone facades and brick facade nano cement plast compared to other cases:
Due to the use of lightweight and ultra-lightweight materials in the manufacture of facade products, due to the thickness and design of the desired product, this product is much lighter than many wall coverings and facades. for example: various natural stones with the volume mass is between 2500 and 3000 kg per cubic meter, in the event that, the building facade and cement plast antique products are between 800 and 1500 kilograms per cubic meter. it is therefore much lighter than natural stone products and it gives the building a much less weight than natural stones, and the building will be much more resistant to tension and earthquake, also, excess weight does not apply to the building. 2.Sound and thermal insulation of artificial stone cement plast:
Products of facade stones cement plast, between 30-50% (depending on the formulation) can be acoustic and thermal insulation.
3.Resistance to heat and cold, sunlight, and acid rain:
Stone facades cement plast products | if the formulation and manufacturing method is in accordance with the HUNAM Artificial Stone Company | on average, they tolerate 200-250 indirect temperatures. also these products, also, these products tolerate below-zero temperatures between 30 and 50 degrees centigrade.4.No intrusion of darkness in the internal tissue of artificial stone cement plast:
In many construction products, such as pottery and refractory brickwork, travertine stone and its similar products (other than natural marble and granite stones) due to high water absorption, existence of cavity and micro-microscopic holes and... along with water absorption to product texture, soil and mushrooms have penetrated the tissue and it will blur the product.
5.Ease of implementation, no need to scope, install with a variety of materials:
In order to install artificial stone nano cement plast products, we can use cement slurry, various types of powder adhesives, dough adhesives and... so the cost of its implementation with many natural stones and... does not differ.
Natural stones due to sedimentary and limestone base, their adhesion to materials such as cement and glue is low, on the other hand, because of the difference in the coefficient of expansion and contraction of the stones and materials used, they gradually separate themselves from the body and the floor of the building. so in them, the scope is used, which that's the wrong thing, because over time and because of rotting scope (Travertine stone due to high water absorption and tissue faults, it goes away, which of course, these are more disadvantages than advantages)
But there are no problems with artificial stones nano cement plast and there is no need to use the scope.6.Suitable prices for other construction products:Facade stones and nano cement plast floor, have a good price than materials and materials in the body and floor of the building.
7.Variation in design, variety in color, variety in dimensions, higher quality than other materials
8.artificial stones nano cement plast have the same durability and longevity with natural stone marble and granite.
* Generally, it is recommended to use artificial stones nano cement plast in the following cases, due to their quality and advantages over other building materials: for the flooring of the yard and mosaic of the building yard, for flooring and pavement mosaics, for facade outside the building and internal walls and interior decoration of the building, for the stepping stone and cornice of the building, for urban curbs and street, for waterways, for the fence of the building, scrolls like clay inscriptions, roman view and urban elements, bench and municipal furniture and... Also, please use the following products (artificial stone cement plast) in the following cases: tombstone, pool flooring, flooring of bathroom & WC, wall cover for areas with permanent moisture (In places with permanent moisture, product formulation must be changed) as a cabinet stone, as a sink, use cement plast instead of ceramic tile on the floor of the building.
Artificial stone cement plast features are summarized as follows:
- High variability (Variety in color with the ability to execute various designs and custom)
- Light weight as compared to natural stones (With a specific gravity of 2200 kg / m3, from 1200 to 1700 kg / m3 and less) which makes the building less weight and consequently reduce the impact of the earthquake on the building
- Ability to absorb water less than 2,2% (in ceramic and tile) and in ultra-lightweight products 5%
- No restrictions on the dimensions of production or installation, such as natural stone
- Endurance (tensile strength and pressure) higher than natural stones
- More adhesion ability with cementious materials (Which means that, unlike natural stones, due to atmospheric factors and lack of adhesion, over time, it does not separate from the body of the building. of the most familiar disadvantages of natural stones, this is the gradual separation from the body of the building)
- High resistance to atmospheric factors as well as the color resistance of the sun's rays
- High resistance to freezing (up to 50 ° C below zero)
- High temperature resistance (up to 500 cycles) and 250 indirect temperatures
- Resistant to expansion and contraction, which this will not cause fractures in the desert areas
- High strength and cohesion
- Easy and effortless installation and…How to create color in these products and what features will they have?
All the colors used in artificial stone nano cement plast, have mineral origin and has been used extensively in products, upon cutting, the same color of the surface of the product can be seen in the inner tissue of the stone. these colors are stable against sunlight and atmospheric agents. in the production of nano cement plast products, 7 main mineral colors, and 12 sub-colors, play a role:
The creation of marble veins and granite colors in these products are deeply and randomly. in the production of these products, up to 95% it is possible to simulate the color of natural stones. also in some of the facades with special colors, color combinations should be made to create laminate manually according to specifications with different materials.Do artificial stone cement plast have cutting ability? or not?
All artificial stones nano cement plast are capable of cutting and drilling but due to resistance and a high density of these stones, granite plates should be used for cutting. also, these products will have the ability to drill with diamond drills
How to install artificial stone nano cement plast products?
The method of installing the nano cement plast flooring is the same as installing the ceramic. that is, a dry mortar layer (The amount of infrastructure required) spread on the surface and on it we sprinkle the cement slurry and install the floors and align them. by impact, the cement slurry covers all of the microscopic holes below the product and the rest of the slurry and comes out of the flooring. By cleaning it, at the same time, filling the product is also done.How to install facade stones (antique and decorative stone and artificial stone nano cement plast) is in several methods, summary explained:
First method _ installation with common method of natural stones (cement slurry method):
This method is like natural stones and there are no special conditions but only notice that during the installation, the cement slurry does not run on the surface of the product. Because the adhesion to cement is very high in artificial stones. if the cement is spilled on the surface of the product, do not immediately clean it. first let the slurry lose some moisture (About one to two hours) and then clean the surface of the product with plastic brush
If the cement slurry remains on the product for a long time, it will cling to the product and make it difficult to clean.
Second method _ installation method with dough adhesives:
This adhesive can be used for installation on all surfaces (Of course, considering the respective installation method). but generally, dough adhesives are suitable for surfaces that are not directly exposed to moisture. namely, for the installation of stone in the external view of the building that is in direct contact with the rain, Don't use dough adhesives.
Third method _ installation method with powder adhesives:
This adhesive can be applied to all surfaces except on the surface of the tile and gypsum wall. this adhesive is generally suitable for surfaces that are in direct contact with moisture. namely, it is suitable for the outside of the building and use these adhesives.
Fourth method _ installation method as dry:
In this way, the stone manufacturer places the fasteners on the back of the product, installing the products by screwing the fasteners onto the wall. these fasteners are hidden behind the facade and not seen. this method is used for installation inside the building.How does the strength of artificial stone cement plast adhesion compared to ceramic or natural stone?
Natural stones due to the calcareous base, their adhesion to cement is very low. also due to the difference in the amount of contraction and expansion of natural stones and concrete, behind the product, over time, they will be separated from the body of the building. temporary solutions are recommended for this product. among these solutions, creating a scope behind the natural stone, which after several months or years, the natural stone was Separated from the body of the building by rotting the scopes. another solution is to create a hole in the stone surface, especially in marble and granite stones and screw it to the building's body. which in this case, the ugly facade is created in the building stone.
After these problems, another solution came to the minds of the miners and that was the use of travertine stones. these rocks were known as waste in the old days and they were not used in the body of the building, due to the large number of holes and very high water absorption,
But now these stones are common in the Iranian market due to the fact that due to the high water absorption and also the huge holes in the concrete (cement slurry) penetrated into the rock fabric and it was fixed in the body of the building However, the problem with these rocks is that due to the high water absorption, the moisture is easily penetrated into the building and has created many problems for the users of these buildings.
Also, the use of ceramics and tiles in the body of the building has a very bad effect and the reflection of sunlight by tile and ceramic, as well as the adhesion of this product to the cement slurry is very low. on the other hand, with the smallest temperature fluctuations and shrinkage and expansion (and in the freezing), the product is fractured, cracked, and detached from the body of the building.
In short, in the case of artificial stone nano cement plast due to the presence of various natural and mineral materials, as well as the presence of some cement and polymer materials with a coefficient of expansion and contraction close to the slurry (concrete) and... will have high adhesion strength to cement mortar and construction adhesives.
Also, due to the fact that the coefficient of expansion and contraction of this product (artificial stone cement plast) linearly, very close to the concrete behind the product and will not be separated from the body of the building over time.What is the profile and resistance of this product against cold (frost) and heat?
In natural stones (especially current rocks of the market or travertine stones) due to continuous and uninterrupted holes, as well as the percentage of water absorption of these products, which is very high in travertine stones, moisture or rain is infiltrated in these tissues and, as a result of cold (frost), water in the tissues gets frozen (Increased volume of water due to freezing) and causing cracks or fractures or separation from the body of the building and so on.
But in artificial stone cement plast, due to superficial continuity and low water absorption, as well as the lack of tiny microscopic holes in the inner tissue of stone, and the very low water absorption, this product has a frost tolerance of up to 50 to 70 degrees centigrade below zero, that's why, in many cold and freezing areas, it has a high position and has taken the place of natural stones in these areas and replaced them.
Also, the direct heat resistance of these products is up to 300 ° C and tolerates up to 500 cycles. this issue has expanded the use of artificial rock in tropical regions of the country, which have hot days and very cold nights.how is resistance to slipping relative to the tile?
In the tiles and ceramics because of glaze cooking, water absorption is very low and for this reason, they will be slippery with the slightest moisture reaching their surface. in artificial stone cement plast products, due to water absorption of about 3%, despite moisture, the surface of the product has enough friction to prevent slipping. also in the flooring cement plast, despite the glossiness and perfectly polished surface, on the surface of the product, very small lint is designed which enhances the friction between the surface of the product and the abrasive object and prevents slipping.
To use artificial stone nano cement plast in the exterior facade of the building, do you need to create resin coatings and waterproof varnish and so on?
For the use of artificial stones of other technologies, as well as antique stones and natural slabs with high water absorption, such as travertine, to reduce the amount of water absorption of the product or to prevent the discoloration of the product (In antique stones of other technologies), as well as to prevent the penetration of darkness and dust in the stone texture, different resins are needed to create a varnish and coating. but because these resins usually for one to five years on the surface of the product will lasting (Because they will be lost due to acid rain and sunlight) after this time, the resin spraying operation should be repeated again.
In artificial stone nano cement plast, due to the characteristics mentioned above, from this category (Creation of varnish and resin spraying) are excluded.Artificial stone cement plast are lighter or natural stones?!
Natural stones, such as marble and granite, have a volumetric mass of between 2,700 and 2,800 kg / m3.
Travertine natural stones due to the presence of large holes in the internal tissue of stone, have a mass volume of 2500 kg / m3.
Specific gravity of artificial stone cement plast with normal density is about 2200 kg / m3. therefore, they have less weight in normal density than natural stones. but this difference in weight is not palpable.
Therefore, you can reduce the density (weight) of the product using various combinations which is one of the requirements and concerns of the construction of the structure which we refer to some of these densities:
-The semi-light volume mass of artificial stone cement plast is between 1500 and 1700 kg / m 3. which is about 30% lighter than its normal mass volume.
-Lightweight volume mass of artificial stone nano cement plast products is between 1100 and 1200 kg / m3 and 50% will be lighter than normal density of these products. also these products with less than 3% water absorption, has ability to installation in the outside facade of the building.
-But the volume mass is between 600 and 1000 kg per cubic meter of artificial stone cement plast which are ultra-lightweight. but due to the use of specific materials in this type of product, water absorption will reach 8% (Albeit by default and without the use of side materials) which are recommended for indoor decoration of the building. unless, when producing the relevant nano-materials to reduce water absorption for the exterior facades of the building should be added.
Attention: In terms of corporate standards (HUNAM artificial stone), it is better not to use products with a water absorption percentage higher than 5% in the body of the building.In general, what parts of the building would be better to use cement plast products?
It is advisable not to use these products in areas where tile and ceramic are generally used, like the bathroom and the body and around the pool and ...
for some reasons:
First: Tile and ceramic prices for consumers will be cheaper than these products.
Secondly, because of the permanent moisture in these areas of the building, if used natural stones, it makes the minerals in the stone texture come to the surface of natural stone and causes deposition on the stone. due to the use of minerals in artificial stone cement plast, this product is similar to natural stones, unless at the time of construction, we reduce the water absorption of this product to zero when using certain materials. which this will affect the expense.
Also in these places by using strong acids, cleaning is carried out. natural stones will not have anti-acid capability. because they have water absorption, acid penetrates into stone tissue and changes the color of natural stone pigments. mineral pigments are also used in artificial stone cement plast and because of the absorption of water (despite the absorption of water less than 3%), this is not the exception. Of course, upon request of the customer by adding some materials, an anti-acidic property can be created for artificial stone cement plast, that will increase costs by about 10 to 15 percent for customers
Because the tile has glaze cooking on the surface, and its water absorption is zero, it will have anti-acidic properties.Some of the advantages of artificial stone cement plast in comparison to natural stones and other stones?
-Very low cost for manufacturers and a high percentage of profits, as well as much less cost for consumers of synthetic stone nano cement plast compared with natural stones
- Very high cold resistance (up to 50 degrees below zero) and possible to use in cold and frosty areas
- Thermal resistance up to 300 ° C above zero and tolerance of 500 cycles and possible use in desert areas
- Variation in design and color (the ability to produce colors requested by the customer) as well as the ability to produce and simulate marble and granite stones (in terms of color)
- Has mineral pigments (mineral color) and color resistance against direct sunlight and acid rain
- It has a very low water absorption (less than 3%) and ability to reduce water absorption
- Easier installation than natural stones due to homogeneity with cement grout and polymer adhesives
- Execution speed (installation) of facade stones due to the presence of different sizes in most products and less cutting during execution
- Non-permeability of darkness and dust in the internal tissue of stone as well as self-cleaning ability during seasonal rainfall
- A higher bending strength than natural stones (higher than marble stones and in some physical characteristics with granite)
- Ability to build and design a variety of products and no limitation in dimensions up to 2 meters in 3 meters (6 square meters) and up to a thickness of 250 m